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   Compass Errors   More functions than your average e6b:
Compass errors for any where in the World
 
Page Table of Contents Use these links to go directly to desired section
  Part I - Magnetic Field From Lat Long Part III Graphs
  Part II - Compass Errors Calculator    

Magnetic Field Model
Declination (Variation) & Dip

(Based on World Magnetic Model 2020)



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 Part I - Magnetic Field from Latitude and Longitude and Compass Errors

 Main Variables (Input)
Latitude   o  " or   o      or   o  S N
Longitude   o  " or   o      or   o  W E
1Altitude    [m]   [ft]   [km]   [sm]  
Date (2019-2024)     [year]   [month]   [day]  

 2Calculated Results (Output)
Declination / Variation   [ o ] -W +E Change  [ o/yr ] -W + E Uncertainty [ o ]
Inclination / Magnetic Dip   [ o ] +Dn / -Up Change  [ o/yr ] +Dn / -Up Uncertainty [ o ]
Horizontal Field Intensity   [nT] Change  [nT/yr ] Uncertainty [nT]
Vertical Field Intensity   [nT] Change  [nT/yr ] Uncertainty [nT]
North Field Component   [nT] Change  [nT/yr ] Uncertainty [nT]
East Field Component   [nT] Change  [nT/yr ] Uncertainty [nT]
Total Field   [nT] Change  [nT/yr ] Uncertainty [nT]

 3D Declination (Variation) and Inclination (Dip) Visualization - Brown vector represents magnetic field (Output)
Browser doesn't support Canvas graphics

 Compass Effects / Errors (Output)
Horizontal Field Suitability
XXXXXXXX
 Compass indicated magnetic heading at a magnetic heading of 360 for a given bank angle
Bank Angle   5o 10o 15o 20o 25o 30o 35o
Turning Left  
Turning Right  
 Compass indicated magnetic heading at a magnetic heading of 180 for a given bank angle
Bank Angle   5o 10o 15o 20o 25o 30o 35o
Turning Left  
Turning Right  
Aircraft TAS   [knots]      [Km/h]      [sm/h]      [m/s]
Bank Angle    Std Rate  1/2 Std Rate   Bank Angle:  [ o ]   Custom: ± [ o ] ( 0o to 89.9o)
 Compass indicated magnetic heading at a given magnetic heading at a bank angle for xxxxx
Magnetic Heading   360 010 020 030 040 050 060
Turning Left  
Turning Right  
Magnetic Heading   070 080 090 100 110 120 130
Turning Left  
Turning Right  
Magnetic Heading   140 150 160 170 180 190 200
Turning Left  
Turning Right  
Magnetic Heading   210 220 230 240 250 260 270
Turning Left  
Turning Right  
Magnetic Heading   280 290 300 310 320 330 340
Turning Left  
Turning Right  
Magnetic Heading   350 355 360 005 175 180 185
Turning Left  
Turning Right  
Compensating:
XXXXXXXXXX
 Compass indicated magnetic heading when accelerating / decelerating on a 090magnetic heading for a given acceleration
g's   0.01 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3
Accelerating  
Decelerating  
 Compass indicated magnetic heading when accelerating / decelerating on a 270 magnetic heading for a given acceleration
g's   0.01 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3
Accelerating  
Decelerating  
 Compass indicated magnetic heading when accelerating / decelerating on a 045 magnetic heading for a given acceleration
g's   0.01 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3
Accelerating  
Decelerating  
 
 Compass indicated magnetic heading when accelerating / decelerating on a 135 magnetic heading for a given acceleration
g's   0.01 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3
Accelerating  
Decelerating  
 Compass indicated magnetic heading when accelerating / decelerating on a 315 magnetic heading for a given acceleration
g's   0.01 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3
Accelerating  
Decelerating  
 Compass indicated magnetic heading when accelerating / decelerating on a 225 magnetic heading for a given acceleration
g's   0.01 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3
Accelerating  
Decelerating  
 Note: assuming straight and level (constant altitude, no banking and maintaining a constant heading)
Compensating:
XXXXXXXXX

 Part II - Compass Errors and Required Undershoot / Overshoot Calculator


 Compass Indicated Magnetic Heading - Combined Bank & Acceleration
 Calculator Options
Declination / Variation From calc mag field abv:   [ o ] -W +E  Cust val (-90o to 90o) [ o ] -W +E
Magnetic Dip From calc mag field abv:    [ o ] +Dn / -Up  Cust val (-89o to 89o) [ o ] +Dn / -Up
 Main Variables
Magnetic Heading   [ o ]  or True Heading    [ o ]      Current   Desired at rollout       
Bank Angle   [ o ] -Left +Right    (range 0o to 89.9o)       
Acceleration   [g's] -decel +accel    [m/s2]   [ft/s2]       
Indicated Magnetic Heading   [ o ]      Current   To begin / lead rollout       
 Correlated Variables
       For max compass turn rate calculation, assume: std rate TAS: [knots]     TAS: [knots] 
Compass Plane Tilt Angle Due to Bank (long. axis)*:
XXXXXXX
Compass Plane Tilt Angle Due to Acceleration (lat. axis)*:
XXXXXXX
Compass Plane Total Resultant (not sum) Tilt Angle*:
XXXXXXX
Critical Compass Plane Tilt Angle*:
XXXXXXX
Compass Plane Tilt Will Exceed Critical Tilt:
XXXXXXX
Lowest |%| of Mag. Field Acting on Comp. Plane**:
XXXXXXX
Degrees Turned During Rollout:
XXXXXXX
Max Compass Plane Turn Rate (through 360o)***:
XXXXXXX
Magnetic Heading at Rollout Start:
XXXXXXX
Magnetic Heading after Rollout (Desired at rollout):
XXXXXXX
Compass Error at Rollout Start:
XXXXXXX
Compass Error after Rollout (zero if no acceleration):
XXXXXXX
Indicated Magnetic Heading after Rollout (wings level):
XXXXXXX
Compass Error -Undershoot / +Overshoot Component:
XXXXXXX
Bank Rollout Component (always -undershoot):
XXXXXXX
Total Required -Undershoot / +Overshoot:
XXXXXXX
       
*In relation to horizon   **If too weak compass may not turn to keep up with turn   ***If too fast compass may not keep up due to inertia and friction
Note: all results assume zero inertia, zero friction and enough magnetic field component to act on compass plane

 Part III - Graphs


 Compass Errors Plot (Output)
 Graph Options
     General & Global
  X axis: Aircraft Magnetic HDG Compass Indicated Magnetic HDG  
  Y axis: Relative Error Absolute  
            Grid - show: minor major   Avoid critical compass tilt: [ o ]
           Show graph local maxima / minima  Animation:   Speed      Scale  Fixed at max Auto
     Inclination / Magnetic Dip
  Multiple values    No. values  
  Use from calculated magnetic field [ o ] Use custom value (-90o to 90o) [ o ] +Dn / -Up
  Animate  
  Inclination / Dip     from [ o ] to [ o ]   (range -90o to 90o)   Step 
     Bank Angles  
    Multiple angles    No. angles  
    User defined
  Aircraft TAS        [knots]      [Km/h]      [sm/h]    [m/s]
    Bank Angle   Std Rate  1/2 Std Rate   Bank Angle: ± [ o ]
  Custom: ± [ o ]  (range 0o to 89.9o)
    Animate  
  Bank Angle     from ± [ o ] to [ o ]   (range 0o to 89.9o)    Step 
     Acceleration
    Multiple values    No. values  
    User defined  [g's] -decel +accel
    Animate
  Acceleration     from [ o ] to [g]   (range -100g to 100g)     Step 
Browser doesn't support Canvas graphics
Undershoot / Overshoot Graph     | Relative Absolute    
  Component for compass error at the heading for start of rollout
  Component for degrees turned during rollout (always undershoot and equal to ½ the bank angle)
  Total required undershoot/overshoot to roll out at desired heading
Other Graphs
  Compass disc required rotational speed to keep up with field position change
        (1st derivative -- if too high, compass may not keep up due to friction)
per deg or deg2 
per s or s2 assume speed for std rate turn
per s or s2 for TAS [knots]
  Compass disc required rotational acceleration to keep up with field position change
        (2nd derivative -- if too high, compass may not keep up due to inertia)
  Compass tilt angle (angle of compass disc plane in relation to the horizon)  highlight > critical tilt (reversal region)
  Vertical angle between compass disc plane and magnetic field vector    highlight >90o (reversal region)
  Component as a percentage of the total magnetic field that is parallel to the compass disc plane    highlight reversal

 1GPS altitude: In reference to World Geodetic System (WGS-84) height / altitude. The magnetic field differences in reference to sea level height are negligeable.

 2References for the magnetic field calculation portion (field direction and strength based on Lat, Lon, altitude and date)
Chulliat, A., W. Brown, P. Alken, C. Beggan, M. Nair, G. Cox, A. Woods, S. Macmillan, B. Meyer and M. Paniccia, 2020. The US/UK World Magnetic Model for 2020-2025: Technical Report, National Centers for Environmental Information,NOAA. doi: 10.25923/ytk1-yx35.

Note: No portion of these calculators and graphs have been endorsed or verified by NOAA or any of the WMM white paper authors. Use is for educational and academic purposes only. LuizMonteiro assumes no responsibility for any inaccuracies or errors.



   
 
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Units and Abbreviations
Magnetic Field Intensity
nT -  nano Tesla
 
Length or Distance
m -  meters
ft -  feet
Nm -  nautical miles
km -  kilometers
sm -  statute miles
 
Speed
knots -  knots (Nm/h)
km/h -  kilometers per hour
sm/h -  statute miles per hour
m/s -  meters per second
 
Time
yr -  year
h or hr(s) -  hour(s)
m or min(s) -  minute(s)
s or sec(s) -  second(s)
 
Angle
o degrees or deg
' minutes (1/60 deg)
'' -  seconds (1/3600 deg)
 
Angular Speed & Acceleration
o/s -  deg per second
o/s2 deg per second squared
 

 


 
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